【转载+渣翻】如何照顾饲养巴伦游蛇

【转载+渣翻】如何照顾饲养巴伦游蛇

Baron’s green racers (Philodryas baroni) are medium-sized, arboreal snakes native to central South America, specifically Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay. Their preferred habitat is semi-arid rather than tropical in climate.

巴伦游蛇是一种中型树栖蛇,原产于南美洲中部,更具体地是阿根廷、玻利维亚和巴拉圭。它们首选的栖息地是半干旱而非热带气候。

Baron’s racers grow 4.5’ to 6’ long, with females being longer and thicker than males. They have a slender body, tapered head, round pupils, and a distinctively upturned snout. This species typically has a leaf green back with a pale underside, the two colors separated by a thin black stripe. However, the amount of black varies per individual, and their dorsal coloring can be brown or blue instead of green.

巴伦游蛇长4.5英尺到6英尺(137-180cm),雌性比雄性长、粗。它们有一个细长的身体,锥形的头部,圆形的瞳孔,和一个独特的上翘的鼻子。这个物种通常有一个叶绿色的背,下面是一个白色的底面,两种颜色之间有一条薄薄的黑色条纹。然而,每个个体的黑色面积不同,它们身体的颜色可以是棕色或蓝色,不一定是绿色。

Baron’s racers are relatively rare in the pet trade, but can make good pets/display animals due to their distinctive appearance and hardiness. Keep in mind, however, that this species is rear-fanged venomous. Although they are not particularly eager to bite humans nor considered particularly dangerous, envenomation is possible.

巴伦游蛇在宠物市场中相对罕见,但由于其独特的外表和皮实的体质,可以成为很好的宠物/展示动物。然而,请记住,这个物种有毒牙。尽管它们并不爱咬人,也不被认为特别危险,但注入毒液是可能的。

How much space do Baron’s racers need?

巴伦游蛇需要多少饲养空间?

Because Baron’s racers are slender, many people think of them as smaller than they really are, keeping them in enclosures that are too small for them to stretch out fully and explore. The minimum for appropriately keeping one adult Baron’s racer is 5’L x 2.5’W x 2.5’H. This is just the minimum, so using larger dimensions (both taller and wider) is beneficial and will happily be used!

由于巴伦身材修长,许多人认为它们比实际尺寸小,因此将它们放在太小的饲养箱内,无法充分展开和探索。适当保持一名成体巴伦的最低要求是5英尺长x 2.5英尺宽x 2.5英尺(152*76*76cm)高。这只是最小值,所以使用更大的尺寸(包括更高和更宽的尺寸)是有益的,并且它们会很乐意使用!

Cohabitation (keeping multiple Baron’s racers in one enclosure) is not recommended, as this is not a social species. While keeping them together generally is not associated with conflicts, it can make feeding time complicated and requires a significantly larger enclosure.

不建议将多条巴伦关在一个饲养箱内,因为这不是一个群居型物种。虽然将它们放在一起通常不会产生冲突,但这会使喂食变得更加麻烦,并需要更大的饲养箱。

Do Baron’s racers need UVB?

巴伦游蛇需要UVB吗?

They can survive without it, but it’s still best practice to provide UVB lighting for optimal health and wellbeing, especially since Baron’s racers are a diurnal species. UVB gives Baron’s racers all of the vitamin D that their bodies need, stimulates better appetite and activity, and generally allows them to be healthier than they would be without.

它们可以在没有紫外线的情况下生存,但为最佳健康和福利提供UVB照明仍然是最佳做法,特别是因为巴伦是一种日行性物种。UVB为巴伦提供了身体所需的所有维生素D,刺激了更好的食欲和活动,通常会让他们比没有UVB时更健康。

The best UVB bulbs for a Baron’s racer housed in a 5’ x 2.5’ x 2.5’ enclosure are:

对于安装在5x 2.5x 2.5英尺(152*76*76cm)饲养箱中的巴伦来说,最好的UVB灯泡是:

Zoo Med Reptisun T5 HO 10.0, 34”

Zoo Med Reptisun T5 HO 10.0,34“

Arcadia Forest 12%, 34”

If the UVB bulb is housed inside a Zoo Med T5 HO Terrarium Hood reflective fixture and placed close to the heat lamp, about 6-8” above the basking branch if the lamp is over mesh, and 8-10” if the lamp is inside the enclosure. UVB is blocked by glass and plastic, so you can’t give your snake UVB by placing its terrarium in front of an open window. Also make sure that the fixture your UVB bulb is in does not have a clear plastic bulb cover.

如果UVB灯泡安装在Zoo Med T5 HO Terrarium Hood反射灯具内,并靠近加热灯放置,如果灯在网眼上方,则在日光灯上方约6-8“(15-20cm),如果灯位于外壳内,则在8-10”(20-25cm)。UVB被玻璃和塑料阻挡,所以你不能把蛇的玻璃饲养箱放在打开的窗户前,给蛇带来UVB。还要确保UVB灯泡所在的灯具没有透明的塑料灯泡盖。

Lights should be on for 13 hours/day during summer and 11 hours/day during winter. This helps encourage more natural hormonal rhythms and better health.

夏季应每天亮13小时,冬季应每天亮11小时。这有助于鼓励更自然的荷尔蒙节律和更好的健康。

What basking temperatures do Baron’s racers need?

巴伦游蛇需要多少晒太阳的温度?

Like other reptiles, Baron’s racers are ectotherms, which means that they need a temperature gradient in their enclosure to help them regulate their metabolism and stay healthy.

和其他爬行动物一样,巴伦游蛇是变温动物,这意味着它们需要在其饲养箱内有温度梯度,以帮助它们调节新陈代谢并保持健康。

Baron’s racers should have a basking temperature of 90°F. Ambient (air) temperature should be kept between 75-85°F. Heat lamps should be turned off at night and temperatures allowed to drop as low as 68°F. Temperatures should be measured with a couple of digital probe thermometers, with one probe placed on the basking branch and the other on the cool side of the setup.

巴伦游蛇的晒太阳温度应为90°F(32℃)。环境(空气)温度应保持在75-85°F(23—29.4℃)之间。夜间应关闭加热灯,允许温度降至68°F(20℃)。应使用两个数字探头温度计测量温度,其中一个探头放置在晒太阳枝上,另一个探头位于装置的冷却侧。

Provide heat for your snake by imitating the sun with a cluster of at least two incandescent heat lamps placed on one side of the enclosure, positioned over a sturdy basking branch. Do not use ceramic heat emitters (CHEs), red bulbs, or blue bulbs, as these are not as effective.

通过模仿太阳,在围栏的一侧放置一组至少两个白炽加热灯,放置在结实的晒太阳树枝上,为蛇提供热量。不要使用陶瓷热发射器(CHE)、红色灯泡或蓝色灯泡,因为它们效果不佳。

If temperatures are too high, dial the lamp down with a lamp dimmer or rheostat. If temperatures are too low, you will need higher-wattage bulbs.

如果温度过高,用调光器或变阻器调低灯。如果温度太低,你需要更高瓦数的灯泡。

What humidity levels do Baron’s racers need?

巴伦游蛇需要多少湿度?

Baron’s racers evolved in a fairly dry environment, so they don’t need much in the way of humidity. A perpetually moist environment is likely to give your snake skin problems, so average humidity should be kept under 50%, although occasional spikes higher are safe. Use a digital probe hygrometer with the probe placed in the middle of the enclosure. Humidity will naturally fluctuate between lower during the day and higher at night.

巴伦游蛇在相对干燥的环境中成长,因此他们不需要太多的湿度。长期潮湿的环境可能会给你的蛇的皮肤带来问题,所以平均湿度应该保持在50%以下,尽管偶尔较高的湿度是安全的。使用数字式探针湿度计,将探针置于外壳中间。湿度自然会在白天较低和夜间较高之间波动。

Baron’s racers generally prefer to drink their water off leaves rather than from a bowl. Lightly misting your snake’s enclosure with a sprayer 3-6x/week (depending on ventilation) gives your snake the opportunity to drink the way it prefers without spiking humidity to dangerous levels.

巴伦游蛇通常喜欢用树叶喝水,而不是用碗喝水。用喷雾器每周喷洒3至6次(取决于通风情况),使您的蛇有机会以它喜欢的方式饮水,而不会将湿度升高到危险水平。

What substrate is good for Baron’s racers?

什么样的垫材适合巴伦?

Baron’s racers may be arboreal, but they do occasionally spend time on the ground, so it’s beneficial to provide a thin layer of appropriate substrate to cushion their bodies during terrestrial time. As an added perk, it also tends to make the enclosure more attractive.

巴伦游蛇可能是树栖的,但他们偶尔也会在地面上呆上一段时间,因此在陆地时间提供一层薄薄的合适垫材来缓冲身体是有益的。作为一项额外的好处,它也会使饲养箱更具魅力。

Ideally, this substrate should resemble what Baron’s racers naturally live on in the wild, which according to in situ observations is often sand or fine sandy soil. It should have small particles and not be too dusty. We recommend the following substrates for Baron’s racers:

理想情况下,这种基质应该类似于巴伦在野外自然生存的环境,根据现场观察,这种环境通常是沙子或细沙土壤。它应该有小颗粒,不会太多灰尘。我们建议使用以下基质:

Zoo Med Excavator Clay

Zoo Med ReptiSand

Exo Terra Desert Sand

Exo Terra Riverbed Sand

Substrate should be 1-2” deep and completely replaced every 3-4 months. Remove poop and urates daily, along with contaminated substrate.

基底应为1-2”(2-5cm)深,每3-4个月彻底更换一次。每天清除粪便和尿酸以及受污染的基质。

What décor can you use in a Baron’s racer terrarium?

你能在巴伦游蛇的饲养箱里使用什么装饰?

It’s terribly boring (and more importantly, stressful) for a snake to be stuck in an enclosure with nothing in it. It doesn’t matter how big the enclosure is if you don’t put things in it for your pet to use and interact with. This is especially the case for arboreal species for which climbing is a routine part of their behavioral repertoire.

蛇被困在一个什么都没有的笼子里是非常无聊的(更重要的是,压力很大)。如果你不把东西放进去让你的宠物使用和互动,那么围栏有多大并不重要。对于树栖物种来说尤其如此,因为攀爬是它们行为习惯的一部分。

Aside from hiding places, you will also need at least a couple of sturdy branches for your snake to climb on, as well as some live or artificial foliage to provide cover. Additional options include:

除了隐藏的地方,你还需要至少两条结实的树枝让你的蛇爬上去,以及一些活的或人造的树叶来提供掩护。其他选项包括:

more branches

更多树枝

cork tubes

软木管状树洞

ledges

岩石

live or artificial plants

活植物或假植物

leaf litter

落叶层

Note that larger plants are usually sturdier, which is one argument for using a taller enclosure than the minimum.

注意,较大的植物通常更结实,这是使用更大的饲养箱的一个理由。

What do Baron’s racers eat?

巴伦游蛇吃什么?

Like other snakes, Baron’s racers are carnivores, which means that they need to eat whole animal prey in order to get the nutrition that they need. Here is a basic feeding schedule based on snake size:

和其他蛇一样,巴伦游蛇是食肉动物,这意味着他们需要吃整个动物的猎物才能获得所需的营养。以下是根据蛇的大小制定的基本喂养计划:

Hatchlings should be fed once every 5 days.

苗子应每5天喂一次。

Juveniles should be fed once every 7 days.

小亚成应每7天喂食一次。

Adults should be fed once every 7-10 days.

成体应每7-10天喂食一次。

Prey items should be around 10% of your snake’s weight or no more than 1.5x its width. Although live prey can be used, it’s safest and most humane to use frozen instead. Prey should be thawed in a plastic bag in warm water to approximately 100°F before offering with a pair of soft-tipped tweezers.

猎物的重量应该是蛇体重的10%左右,或者不超过其宽度的1.5倍。虽然可以使用活的猎物,但使用冷冻的猎物是最安全和最人道的。在用一把软尖镊子提供猎物之前,应将其放在塑料袋中的温水中解冻至约100°F(37摄氏度)。

Remember, the key to great nutrition is variety! Aside from offering mice and rats, quail, chicks, and frog meat can also be used to create nutritional variety in your pet’s diet.

请记住,丰富营养的关键是多样化!除了提供小鼠和大鼠,鹌鹑、小鸡和青蛙肉也可以用来在宠物的饮食中创造各种营养。

Supplements

补充资料

Baron’s racers can survive without vitamin or mineral supplements, but occasionally using them can help prevent nutritional deficiencies and optimize your snake’s health. We recommend Repashy Calcium Plus LoD.

巴伦蛇可以在没有维生素或矿物质补充剂的情况下生存,但偶尔使用它们可以帮助防止营养不足,并优化您的蛇的健康状况。我们推荐Repashy牌钙 LoD。

Water

Your Baron’s racer should have access to clean, fresh water at all times. Keep a small water bowl readily accessible. Change the water daily and scrub the bowl with a reptile-safe disinfectant weekly, or whenever it becomes soiled.

你的巴伦游蛇应该随时都能接触到干净的淡水。保持一个小水碗方便取用。每天换水,每周用爬行动物安全消毒剂擦洗碗,或在碗变脏时。

Do Baron’s racers like to be handled?

巴伦游蛇喜欢被把玩吗?

Few reptiles actually “like” to be held, and Baron’s racers are generally better display animals than a pet that you can handle regularly. If you need to handle your snake, it’s best to let it come to you rather than to grab it. Be gentle, and pick up the snake from below rather than from above. Support as much of its body as possible, and NEVER pick up a snake by its tail!

很少有爬行动物真的“喜欢”被把玩,而巴伦游蛇通常比你能经常把玩的宠物更能有规律地展示。如果你需要上手你的蛇,最好让它来主动向你爬来,而不是抓住它。温柔一点,从下面而不是从上面拿起蛇。尽可能多地支撑它的身体,千万不要抓住蛇的尾巴!

Baron’s racers may be rear-fanged venomous, but they’re not particularly predisposed to biting humans unless they confuse you for prey. In the rare event of a bite, the venom is unlikely to do more than cause uncomfortable localized swelling. However, if symptoms don’t improve after 48 hours of the bite, see a doctor.

巴伦游蛇可能长着毒牙,但他们并不容易咬人,除非他们把你当成猎物。在罕见的咬伤事件中,毒液不太可能造成不舒服的局部肿胀。然而,如果咬了48小时后症状没有改善,请看医生。

*This care sheet contains only very basic information. Although it’s a good introduction, please do further research with high-quality sources to obtain additional information on caring for this species.

*本护理单仅包含非常基本的信息。虽然这是一个很好的介绍,但请与高质量的来源进行进一步的研究,以获得有关照顾这个物种的更多信息。

英文原文出处:https://reptilesupply.com/blogs/snake-care-sheets/how-to-care-for-your-baron-s-racer

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